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Cowslip Flower

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Cowslip Flower - 450 mg 100 capsules 514741 $17.48
Cowslip Flower Powder 4 oz 514742 $25.34
1 oz 514743 $13.01
Cowslip Flower Tea (Loose) 4 oz 514744 $25.10
8 oz 514745 $35.62
Cowslip Flower Tea 25 tea bags 514746 $18.08
50 tea bags 514747 $23.28
Cowslip Flower Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) 1 oz - No Flavor 522342 $17.97
1 oz - Strawberry 522343 $19.87
1 oz - Vanilla 522344 $19.87
1 oz - Chocolate 522345 $19.87
1 oz - Mint 522346 $19.87

• Traditionally used to help support sunburn, joint pain, inflammation, nervousness, anxiety, insomnia and more.
The infusion of the leaves and the flowers of the Cowslip have formerly been recommended as an antispasmodic, cordial and sedative. The rhizome gives off a strong odor of aniseed, is bitter tasting and has been applied in cases of joint pain.

General Herb Information

Primrose (Cowslip) - (Primula veris).

Propagation: By seed; by root division.

Nature of Plant: Makes an attractive edging for a border since the plant grows not much higher than 8 or 9 inches; after the lovely yellow flowers have gone, the yellow-green foliage still makes a bright accent for an edging; beautiful in large masses. Suitable for rock gardens and for flower arrangements.

Spacing of Mature Plants: 10 inches.

Cultural Requirements: Rich, well-drained, moist soil in a shady or semi-shady spot; require watering in hot weather; crowns of plants must not stay above ground; if necessary, dig up and replant; protect with a light covering in winter.

Uses

Root and Leaf: (Health) Emetic, anodyne, used as a sternutatory.

Cowslip, also known as Fairy Cup, Key Flower, Key of Heaven, Paigle, Crewel, Buckles, and Primrose, is a common plant native to Great Britain, Europe and parts of Asia. Its alternate name of Primrose is not to be confused with Evening Primrose, which is different in action. The yellow flowers, the part most often used for health benefits, are collected in early spring. They are still used to make wine in some of the more rural sections of Britain.

Cowslip is one of the most useful and versatile herbs used. Cowslip combines well with other herbs to help support a wide variety of health concerns. It was mainly used to help support nervous complaints and headaches. For headaches it was used in combination with Wood Betony. Cowslip contains flavonoids, including Quercetin, which are responsible for its anti-inflammatory properties, leading to its use in helping to support joint pain complaints. Cowslip also contains saponin glycosides, the same constituents responsible for the beneficial actions of Panax Ginseng and Sea Cucumber. Cowslip is famous for its sedative properties, and has been used in combination with Skullcap and Lady's Slipper to help support anxiety, and with Hops and Passion Flower to help support healthy sleep habits. Cowslip is also a strong expectorant, and can be useful in supporting coughs and congestion, often in combination with Coltsfoot. Cowslip is also a mild diuretic and laxative. The herb has a reputation for being effective in helping ease the symptoms of fevers. Topically, Cowslip has often been used to help support sunburn and was used in lotions to give the skin a healthy glow. Cowslip is a great herb for the support for mild nervousness and can be used to help support trembling.

Cowslip
Primula ceris
(Paigle, Palsywort or Bunch of Keys)

Medicinal Usage

Cowslip leaves were used as a salve for helping support wounds, and the flowers as a mild sedative. Cowslip tea can be used to help support headaches, occasional sleeplessness and nervous tension. The root was used to support bone health, hence in old herbals it was called radix Arth.. The root can also be used to support whooping cough and coughs. The tradition that the herb supported palsy may have arisen from the trembling or nodding of the flowers. Indeed, Culpeper said that "the leaves are good in wounds, and the flowers take away trembling."

Culinary Usage

Cowslip leaves and flowers were eaten in salads. The flowers were used to make cowslip wine, syrup, pickle, conserve, vinegar and mead. They were also crystallized or sugared.

Miscellaneous

Native to northern and central Europe, cowslips grew wild in meadows and chalk grassland. The name is thought to derive from the Old English for cow dung or cowpat, from which the plant was said to spring. Commenting on the herb's reputation as a wrinkle-removing cosmetic, Culpeper said that "our city dames know well enough the ointment or distilled water of it adds to beauty, or at least restores it when it is lost." The plant was listed by Aelfric.

Cowslip, also known as Fairy Cup, Key Flower, Key of Heaven, Paigle, Crewel, Buckles, and Primrose, is a common plant native to Great Britain, Europe and parts of Asia. Its alternate name of Primrose is not to be confused with Evening Primrose, which is different in action. The yellow flowers, the part most often used for health benefits, are collected in early spring. They are still used to make wine in some of the more rural sections of Britain.

Cowslip is one of the most useful and versatile herbs used. Cowslip combines well with other herbs to help support a wide variety of health concerns. It was mainly used to help support nervous complaints and headaches. For headaches it was used in combination with Wood Betony. Cowslip contains flavonoids, including Quercetin, which are responsible for its anti-inflammatory properties, leading to its use in helping to support joint pain complaints. Cowslip also contains saponin glycosides, the same constituents responsible for the beneficial actions of Panax Ginseng and Sea Cucumber. Cowslip is famous for its sedative properties, and has been used in combination with Skullcap and Lady's Slipper to help support anxiety, and with Hops and Passion Flower to help supportinsomnia. Cowslip is also a strong expectorant, and can be useful in supporting coughs and congestion, often in combination with Coltsfoot. Cowslip is also a mild diuretic and laxative. The herb has a reputation for being effective in helping ease the symptoms of fevers. Topically, Cowslip has often been used to help support sunburn and was used in lotions to give the skin a healthy glow. Cowslip is a great herb for the support for mild nervousness and can be used to help support trembling.

Cowslip
Primula veris L. [= P. officinalis (L.) Hill.]

Family: Primulaceae.

Other Names: Primevère officinale, coucou (French); Wiesen-Schiusselbiume (German); primavera (Italian).

Description: An attractive perennial herb with a basal rosette of wrinkled leaves arising each spring from a fleshy rhizome. Golden yellow strongly scented flowers are borne in multi-flowered clusters on slender stalks. Primula veris (Latin: "firstling of spring") was previously known as P. officinalis. A closely related species and alternative source of raw material is the oxlip, P. eliator. It is slightly larger and has pale yellow, weakly scented flowers that are borne in few-flowered clusters. Also used are P. auricula and P. farinosa.

Origin: Europe and Asia (P. veris and P. elatior).

Parts Used: The dried flowers, with calyces (Primulae flos cum calycibus) or the dried rhizomes and roots (Primulae radix).

Therapeutic Category: Expectorant, secretolytic.

Uses and Properties: Primrose flower and root are traditionally used as expectorants to help support coughs, coughs with sticky mucus, colds and catarrh of the nose and throat. The flowers have a much milder action than the roots. Traditionally, the flowers can also be tried to help support nervous complaints, headaches and as cardiac tonic but none of these indications is supported by scientific evidence.

Preparation and Dosage: A tea can be made from 2 - 4 g of the flower or 0.2 - 0.5 g of the root. As an expectorant, the infusion is sweetened with honey and taken every two or three hours.

Active Ingredients: The roots contain large amounts (5-10%) saponins, present as glycosides of several structurally similar aglycones such as proroprimulagenin A and priverogenin A, B. Also present are phenolic glycosides such as primulaverin (= primulaveroside) and primverin which give the characteristic "wintergreen" smell to the roots when broken down by enzymatic hydrolysis to methoxysalicylate methyl ester. The flowers have small amounts of saponins and flavonoids.

Health Effects: Saponins in the roots (and to a lesser extent the flowers) are responsible for the mucous-expelling and secretolyric actions. Saponins affect the nervus vagus in the mucous membrane of the stomach, promoting in a reflectory way water secretion in the bronchia (resulting in secretolytic and antitussive effects, typical of most saponin-containing drugs). Saucylates show anti-inflammatory activity.

Status: Traditional health; Pharm.; Comm. E+; ESCOP 3.



The primrose path is lined with white, red, and yellow flowers, the blooms on an early-flowering plant also known as cowslip, butter rose, and fairy cap. Commission E issued separate monographs on the flower and root, the parts of the cowslip plant that can be used to support health. Since most of that information overlaps, we have melded the two monographs into one. (Note: The evening primrose, Oenothera biennis, wasn't reviewed.) This native of central Europe grows up to eight inches high.

Potential Health Benefits

Cowslip flower and root are used for the same maladies: clearing up inflammation of the respiratory tract. Commission E endorses that single use; it doesn't endorse claims by primrose enthusiasts that the plant supports headaches, strengthens the heart, or helps support asthma and joint pain.

Scientific Evidence

Citing the empirical use of cowslip in Germany, the commission concludes that both common forms of cowslip are expectorants with secretolytic abilities: that is, they slow secretions in the body, helping to subdue coughs. The commission also notes that saponins are prominent ingredients of cowslip. Saponins, taken orally, act as respiratory irritants, which is why traditional herbalists prescribe saponin-containing mixtures as expectorants, according to Steven B. Karch, M.D., author of The Consumer's Guide to Herbal Medicine.

How to Use the Herb

The daily dosage for dried cowslip is 2-4 grams of the plant and 2.5-7.5 grams of a liquid extract. For dried root, the daily dose is 0.5-1.5 grams, or 1.5-3.0 grams of the liquid extract, according to Commission E. Cowslip can also be taken as tea.

The PDR Family Guide to Natural Medicines and Healing Therapies recommends cowslip tea of 2-4 grams steeped in hot water for 10 minutes, then taken throughout the day. For root tea, 0.2-0.5 grams of fine-cut powder steeped in cold water for 5 minutes and taken every 2 to 3 hours.
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These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Products are intended to support general well being and are not intended to treat, diagnose, prevent, or cure any condition or disease.