Home
Books
Sign In | View Cart Cart | Wish List | Help
ToysHealthPersonalAdultBaby
ToysHealthPersonalAdultBaby
Home & Garden
Checkout Now »
Cart Cart Cart
0 Items
Cart
100% Safe and Private!
Search     for:    
1-800-760-8783
Free Shipping! $100 minimum, US shipping address, TerraVita and Bianca Rosa products only
Home Page > Welcome!

Invasive Buckthorn Reduces Forest Leaf Litter
A recent study by DePaul University professor Liam Heneghan and Lake Forest Open Lands Association has revealed that buckthorn leaf litter has high nitrogen content and decomposes more rapidly than the litter of most of Chicagoland's dominant native species.

Buckthorn chokes out healthy plant communities by blocking sunlight. But that's only part of the story. Though nitrogen is a critical soil nutrient, the excess nitrogen from decomposing buckthorn leaves causes a significant increase in the rate of decomposition. Heneghan found that, as buckthorn spreads and dominates a preserve, the rate of decomposition of all forest floor material increases dramatically, adding large amounts of nitrogen to the soil very quickly and modifying the soil composition. He concluded that the increase in nitrogen content could have serious negative effects on the survival of many native plants, even after the buckthorn is removed.

Heneghan found that forest leaf litter virtually disappears each year in the high-nitrogen conditions found in dense buckthorn thickets. As buckthorn encroaches still further, the disappearance of the leaf litter may cause local extinctions of several invertebrate animal species. "This loss in turn may have implications elsewhere in the food chain - affecting the diversity of mammals and birds, for instance," suggests Heneghan.

Heneghan and his research team conducted their buckthorn leaf litter research in Shaw Woods, a preserve of the Lake Forest Open Lands Association.

Chicago Wilderness News (Fall 2002)

View products
 


Invasive Buckthorn Reduces Forest Leaf Litter - News, Research and Articles

Click on any of the products below for detailed product information!
 

Buckthorn Bark Tea

Buckthorn Bark Tea

Buckthorn Bark Tea

Buckthorn Bark Tea

Buckthorn Bark Tea (Loose)

Buckthorn Bark Tea (Loose)

Buckthorn Bark Tea (Loose)

Buckthorn Bark Tea (Loose)

Buckthorn Bark - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor

Buckthorn Bark - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor

Buckthorn Bark - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Strawberry Flavored

Buckthorn Bark - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Strawberry Flavored

Buckthorn Bark - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Chocolate Flavored

Buckthorn Bark - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Chocolate Flavored

Buckthorn Bark - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Vanilla Flavored

Buckthorn Bark - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Vanilla Flavored

Buckthorn Bark - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Mint Flavored

Buckthorn Bark - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Mint Flavored

Buckthorn Bark - Cream

Buckthorn Bark - Cream

Buckthorn Bark - Salve Ointment

Buckthorn Bark - Salve Ointment

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Tea

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Tea

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Tea

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Tea

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Tea (Loose)

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Tea (Loose)

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Tea (Loose)

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Tea (Loose)

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Powder

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Powder

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Powder

Senna 11-Herb Cleansing Formula Powder

Buckthorn Bark Powder

Buckthorn Bark Powder

Buckthorn Bark Powder

Buckthorn Bark Powder

Red Clover Combination Powder

Red Clover Combination Powder

Red Clover Combination Powder

Red Clover Combination Powder

Red Clover Combination Tea (Loose)

Red Clover Combination Tea (Loose)

Red Clover Combination Tea (Loose)

Red Clover Combination Tea (Loose)

Red Clover Combination Tea

Red Clover Combination Tea

Red Clover Combination Tea

Red Clover Combination Tea

Extra Strength Buckthorn Bark 4:1 Extract Powder

Extra Strength Buckthorn Bark 4:1 Extract Powder

Extra Strength Buckthorn Bark 4:1 Extract Powder

Extra Strength Buckthorn Bark 4:1 Extract Powder

Circulation Support Powder - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Circulation Support Powder - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Circulation Support Powder - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Circulation Support Powder - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Circulation Support Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Circulation Support Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Circulation Support Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Circulation Support Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Circulation Support Tea - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Circulation Support Tea - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Circulation Support Tea - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Circulation Support Tea - Buckthorn, Hyssop, Red Vine and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Powder - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Powder - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Powder - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Powder - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Tea - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Tea - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Tea - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Appetite Improvement Complex Tea - Buckthorn, Chicory, Rhubarb and More

Depurative Formula Powder - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Depurative Formula Powder - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Depurative Formula Powder - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Depurative Formula Powder - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Depurative Formula Tea (Loose) - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Depurative Formula Tea (Loose) - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Depurative Formula Tea (Loose) - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Depurative Formula Tea (Loose) - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Depurative Formula Tea - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Depurative Formula Tea - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Depurative Formula Tea - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Depurative Formula Tea - Sarsaparilla, Borage, Soapwort and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Powder - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Powder - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Powder - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Powder - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Tea - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Tea - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Tea - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Colon Cleansing Formula Tea - Buckthorn, Psyllium, Ginger and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Powder - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Powder - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Powder - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Powder - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Tea (Loose) - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Tea - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Tea - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Tea - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Herbal Laxative Complex Tea - Buckthorn, Couchgrass, Red Clover and More

Extra Strength Buckthorn Bark 4:1 Extract Cream

Extra Strength Buckthorn Bark 4:1 Extract Cream

Extra Strength Buckthorn Bark 4:1 Extract - Salve Ointment

Extra Strength Buckthorn Bark 4:1 Extract - Salve Ointment

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Powder

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Powder

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Powder

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Powder

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Tea (Loose)

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Tea (Loose)

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Tea (Loose)

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Tea (Loose)

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Tea

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Tea

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Tea

Senna Cleansing Formula - Senna, Fennel, Ginger and More - Tea

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Powder

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Powder

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Powder

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Powder

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Tea (Loose)

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Tea (Loose)

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Tea (Loose)

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Tea (Loose)

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Tea

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Tea

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Tea

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Tea

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Salve Ointment

Mega Red Clover Combination - Red Clover, Dandelion, Burdock and More - Salve Ointment

Mega Red Clover Combination Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor

Mega Red Clover Combination Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor

Mega Red Clover Combination Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Strawberry Flavored

Mega Red Clover Combination Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Strawberry Flavored

Mega Red Clover Combination Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Mint Flavored

Mega Red Clover Combination Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Mint Flavored

Mega Red Clover Combination Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Chocolate Flavored

Mega Red Clover Combination Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Chocolate Flavored

Mega Red Clover Combination Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Vanilla Flavored

Mega Red Clover Combination Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Vanilla Flavored

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Powder

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Powder

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Powder

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Powder

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Tea (Loose)

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Tea (Loose)

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Tea (Loose)

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Tea (Loose)

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Tea

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Tea

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Tea

Cascara Sagrada and Buckthorn Bark Combination Tea

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Powder

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Powder

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Powder

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Powder

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Tea (Loose)

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Tea (Loose)

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Tea (Loose)

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Tea (Loose)

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Tea

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Tea

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Tea

Expectorant Formula - Linden, Eucalyptus, Lemon Balm and More - Tea

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Strawberry Flavored

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Strawberry Flavored

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Vanilla Flavored

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Vanilla Flavored

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Chocolate Flavored

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Chocolate Flavored

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Mint Flavored

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Mint Flavored

Expectorant Formula Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor

Expectorant Formula Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor

Expectorant Formula Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Strawberry Flavored

Expectorant Formula Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Strawberry Flavored

Expectorant Formula Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Vanilla Flavored

Expectorant Formula Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Vanilla Flavored

Expectorant Formula Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Chocolate Flavored

Expectorant Formula Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Chocolate Flavored

Expectorant Formula Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Mint Flavored

Expectorant Formula Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - Mint Flavored

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Cream

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Cream

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Salve

Cascara Sagrada & Buckthorn Salve

Red Clover Stillingia Compound

Red Clover Stillingia Compound


Sign In  |  Shipping  |  Returns  |  Privacy  |  About Us  |  Contact Us  |  1-800-760-8783
Copyright  2018  ZooScape.com ®