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Description - Research and Analysis
The genus Cinchona contains about forty species of trees. They grow 15-20 meters in height and produce white, pink, or yellow flowers. All cinchonas are indigenous to the eastern slopes of the Amazonian area of the Andes, where they grow from 1,500-3,000 meters in elevation on either side of the equator (from Colombia to Bolivia). They can also be found in the northern part of the Andes (on the eastern slopes of the central and western ranges). They are now widely cultivated in many tropical countries for their commercial value, although they are not indigenous to those areas.
Cinchona, or quinine bark, is one of the rainforest's most famous plants and most important discoveries. Legend has it that the name cinchona came from the countess of Chinchon, the wife of a Peruvian viceroy, who was cured of a malarial type of fever by using the bark of the cinchona tree in 1638. It was supposedly introduced to European medicine in 1640 by the countess of Chinchon, even before botanists had identified and named the species of tree. Quinine bark was first advertised for sale in England in 1658, and was made official in the British Pharmacopoeia in 1677. Physicians gave credit to the drug and, because of its effectiveness with malaria, it was recognized officially even while the identity of the tree species remained unknown. Several years after the "Countess's powder" arrived in England, it arrived in Spain. There, quinine bark was used by the Jesuits very early in its history and due to the influence of the Company of Jesus, the newly named "Jesuit's powder" became known all over Europe. When the plant was finally botanically classified almost one hundred years later in 1737, botanists still named it after the countess for her contribution. Throughout the mid-1600s to mid-1800s quinine bark was the primary treatment for malaria and it evidenced remarkable results. It was also used for fever, indigestion, mouth and throat diseases, and cancer.
Natural quinine bark is still employed in herbal medicine systems around the world today. In Brazilian herbal medicine quinine bark is considered a tonic, a digestive stimulant, and fever-reducer. It is used for anemia, indigestion, gastrointestinal disorders, general fatigue, fevers, malaria and as an appetite stimulant. Other folk remedies in South America cite quinine bark as a natural remedy for cancer (breast, glands, liver, mesentery, spleen), amebic infections, heart problems, colds, diarrhea, dysentery, dyspepsia, fevers, flu, hangover, lumbago, malaria, neuralgia, pneumonia, sciatica, typhoid, and varicose veins. In European herbal medicine the bark is considered antiprotozoal, antispasmodic, antimalarial, a bitter tonic, and a fever-reducer. There it is used as an appetite stimulant, for hair loss, alcoholism, liver, spleen, and gallbladder disorders; and to treat irregular heart beat, anemia, leg cramps, and fevers of all kinds. In the U.S., quinine bark is used as a tonic and digestive aid; to reduce heart palpitations and normalize heart functions; to stimulate digestion and appetite; for hemorrhoids, varicose veins, headaches, leg cramps, colds, flu, and indigestion; and for its astringent, bactericidal, and anesthetic actions in various other conditions.
Aviado, D. M., et al., "Antimalarial and antiarrhythmic activity of plant extracts." Medicina Experimentalis--International Journal of Experimental Medicine 1969; 19(20), 79-94.
Lung, A. and S. Foster. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 1996. Wiley & Sons: New York.
User Group Forum
Share your questions and information with the ZooScape community!
Anonymous - May 31, 2006, 11:29
can taken while pregnant or will it cause u to miscarraige
ZooScape Moderator - June 14, 2006, 09:07
Quinine bark should not be taken while pregnant as it may cause miscarriage, stillbirth or developmental abnormalities. If you are looking for an herbal product to help with a specific ailment, please write back and we will do our very best to suggest something that would be safe for your condition. Also, you should definitely discuss with your physician any products you are considering taking, whether herbal or pharmaceutical, before you begin taking them. He or she will have the most knowledge regarding your personal medical history and will be able to make the best decision regarding your optimal health.
Stir 1/4 of a teaspoon into a glass of water and consume 3 times daily, with meals.
Next to impossible to get this in the states. Better value than the premade caps. Fill my own and getting about 300 caps O size from the bottle.
-- August 18, 2010
I recommended you!
Thank you so much, everything was perfect. I have actually been telling everyone about you guys. I order quinine from you because I run a gin bar in washington d.c. and make custom homemade tonic water. I also teach classes on how to make tonic water and you are the only retailer i recommend to my students. So, thank you for
-- September 21, 2012
quinine is a ten
Good, fine powder.
-- October 20, 2009
I ordered the quinine bark powder. I received my product as ordered and I have been making my tonic drinks for my legs cramp no problem. there was no problems.
-- June 21, 2009
A Must for Vesper Cocktail
I used it as an ingredient for the classic James Bond martini. Adds a distinct astringency that would otherwise be difficult to attain.
See: http://www.esquire.com/features/ESQ1106DRINKS_84 for the recipe.
I recommend you start out with less quinine than the recipe calls for. Zooscape's product is very fresh, with an
intense bitterness; a little goes a long way.
-- April 5, 2011
Has work really well for my homemade tonic.
-- April 20, 2012
I used this in the `Imbibe` tonic syrup recipe. The syrup was well received by the gin and tonic drinkers.
-- June 14, 2012
Great product. Great price. Arrived on time. I would buy
-- October 1, 2012
I use the powdered bark to make tonic water. I am a resort Bartender and have tried other sources for powdered bark. I find Zooscape's product to be consistent and superior.
I would give a five star rating on Zooscape's quinine bark, but, I haven't met a five star bark yet...
More Photographs - Quinine Bark (Red Cinchona) Powder
End of More Photographs - Quinine Bark (Red Cinchona) Powder
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Products are intended to support general well being and are not intended to treat, diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or cure any condition or disease.