Pimpinella anisum L. (Umbelliferae). Commonly called anise; in French, Anis cultive, in German, Anis.
Anise is native to the Near Last, but it is now cultivated in many countries, especially Egypt, Turkey, and Spain. Whole dried fruits are used for flavoring and health.
Anise has always been extremely popular as a food flavoring, and is especially used by bakers and candy makers. In combination with other herbs, it is widely used to help support stomach upset, particularly in Germany and France. Over the centuries, the essential oils from fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) and anise have been used to increase milk secretion, help promote menstruation, facilitate birth and support healthy levels of libido. The pattern of use also suggests that something in anise extract has estrogenic activity. In the 1930s, some interest was shown in using anise extracts for the development of synthetic estrogens, but the chemistry was never completely worked out and other alternatives were adopted.
Traditional Support Uses
Anise can be used as a carminative, expectorant, stomachic and glactogenic.
Commission E Recommendations
Anise can be used to help support dyspepsia (upset stomach), and upper respiratory catarrh (inflammation).
The main constituent of the essential oils of both fennel and anise is a substance called anethole. Smaller amounts of anethole are found in other plants, including guarana. Clinical studies of anise are very few in number, but results of laboratory studies suggest that anethole is an anti-inflammatory agent and a very good antioxidant. Extracts of anise support healthy colon health. An anethole derivative can be used to help support patients who do not produce enough saliva (a condition called xerostomia). There are also some laboratory studies suggesting that some ingredient in anise oil increases the movement of the cilia that line the bronchial passages. If the same thing happens in humans, that would account for the popularity of anise as an expectorant.
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Take 1 capsule, 3 times daily, with meals.
Occasional allergic skin reactions have been reported, but concerns raised during the 1970s, that anise oil might be a carcinogen, have generally been rejected.
None of the molecules in the essential oil (>80 percent anethole), should interfere with the standard workplace urine drug screening tests.
More Photographs - Anise and Fennel Combination - 450 mg
End of More Photographs - Anise and Fennel Combination - 450 mg
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