Ciinicifuga racemosa (L.), Elliot (Ranunculaceae), commonly called black cohosh. In German, it is Cimicugawurzelstock.
A New World plant that grows mostly in the Eastern United States. Close relatives of the same genus grow in Europe and Asia.
The name Cimicifuga derives from the words cimex (a bug) and fugo (to drive away). Early sixteenth century physicians prescribed black cohosh to help make menstrual periods more regular, but also for just about every other condition they were called upon to help support.
Traditional Support Uses
Emmenagogue, nervine, bronchitic, snake bites, and use at birth.
Commission E Recommendations
Black cohosh can be used to help support dysmenorrhea, premenstrual discomfort, PMS, and symptoms related to menopause. Black cohosh can also be tried to help support a variety of neurologic ailments.
There have been nearly a dozen different human studies on the effectiveness of Cimicifuga racemosa for alleviating menopausal symptoms, especially hot flashes. Most have found that teas and capsules made from this herb provide a safe, effective alternative to estrogen replacement therapy, but only for women who have refused estrogen replacement therapy or where estrogen replacement is contraindicated. That does not mean, however, that black cohosh contains estrogens; it does not, so any beneficial effects on menstrual or menopausal discomfort must be the consequence of some entirely unrelated action. In human volunteers, long-term approach caused reduced levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), but levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were not significantly altered.
Commission E recommends using alcohol extracts in a dose corresponding to 40 milligrams per day. Usage should not exceed six months.
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Stir 1/4 of a teaspoon into a glass of water and consume 3 times daily, with meals.
Should not be used when chronic disease is present or by pregnant women until birth is imminent.
Avoid if lactating.
Black cohosh may relieve some menopausal symptoms, but since it contains no estrogen, taking this herb will do nothing to prevent osteoporosis or heart disease.
There are no reports of this herb interfering with any of the standard workplace urine drug screening tests.
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End of More Photographs - Black Cohosh Root Powder
* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Products are intended to support general well being and are not intended to treat, diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or cure any condition or disease. If conditions persist, please seek advice from your medical doctor. Information provided at ZooScape.com relies partly on Traditional Uses. The essence of the current American rule on Traditional Uses is, as stated by FTC, "Claims based on historical or traditional use should be substantiated by confirming scientific evidence, or should be presented in such a way that consumers understand that the sole basis for the claim is a history of use of the product for a particular purpose."