Other Names: Houblon (French); Hopfen (German); Luppolo (Italian); lupulo (Spanish).
Description: A perennial creeper (vine) of up to 10 m in height with branches emerging each year from a woody rhizome or crown. The leaves are deeply lobed, with toothed margins. Male and female flowers occur on separate plants (to help avoid pollination, the males are usually eradicated; females are propagated vegetatively). Hops is the cone-like female flower cluster, with several small flowers hidden by overlapping, leafy structures (bracts and bracteoles; they bear numerous orange-yellow glands, producing a resinous exudate).
Origin: Northem temperate areas (Asia, Europe and North America). Hop plants have been cultivated for centuries to provide hops for beer brewing.
Parts Used: Hops - the dried, cone-like female flower clusters (Lupuli strobulus) or hops grains (the small glands obtained by sieving; Lupuli glandula).
Uses and Properties: Hops has a long history of use as a traditional bitter tonic and diuretic. In modern times, however, the main emphasis is on the sedative and calming effects. It can be used to help support mood and sleep disturbances, anxiety and restlessness.
Active Ingredients: The bitter substances in hops (up to 5%) are prenylated derivatives of 1-acyl-phloroglucinol and include lupulone and humulone as main compounds. Upon storage, they are slowly split through oxidation to produce a C5-alcohol, 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol. Hops also contains several phenolics (2-4%), such as rutin, quercetrin, and proanthocyanidins, and up to 1% essential oil, with caryophyllene humulene and beta-myrcene as main terpenoids.
Health Effects: The sedative activity appears to be due to 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol that is already present in the drug or which is formed internally after oral intake of hops. Humulone and lupulone are considered to be disinfectant (they act as preservatives in beer, but have little effect on yeasts and fungi) and are probably oestrogenic. The bitter compounds stimulate appetite and gastric secretions.
Status: Traditional health; Pharm.; Comm. E+; ESCOP 4.
Results of European trials strongly suggest that hops can be used as an effective, and very safe, sleeping aid. Users go to sleep more quickly when they have taken hops, and they awake with clearer heads than when using prescription sleeping pills. There are no reports of serious toxicity. The phytoestrogens contained in hops may provide additional benefits in terms of improving cardiovascular health and supporting menopausal symptoms.
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Take 20-30 drops of extract in a small amount of warm water 3-4 times daily as needed.
Not to be used during pregnancy and lactation. Do not exceed recommended dose.
More Photographs - Hops - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor
End of More Photographs - Hops - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor
* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Products are intended to support general well being and are not intended to treat, diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or cure any condition or disease. If conditions persist, please seek advice from your medical doctor. Information provided at ZooScape.com relies partly on Traditional Uses. The essence of the current American rule on Traditional Uses is, as stated by FTC, "Claims based on historical or traditional use should be substantiated by confirming scientific evidence, or should be presented in such a way that consumers understand that the sole basis for the claim is a history of use of the product for a particular purpose."