Calamus, in the recommended dose, may help calm an upset stomach, and perhaps calm the nerves. Large doses are said to have "ecstasy-like" (MDMA, 3,4-methylene-dioxymethamphetamine) effects, but users run the risk of intractable vomiting if they take too much. There is no evidence that calamus grown in the United States is carcinogenic, but buyers would be well advised to avoid calamus products made from plants grown in India and Asia (A. Calamus L. var. Vulgaris L.). The possibility exists that taking large amounts of calamus may lead to a false positive urine urine-screening test.
General Herb Information - The Flag Family
Flag - Several plants are called flags that technically are not flags and do not belong to the same botanic family. Sweet Flag (Acorus calamus) belongs to the Arum family, while blue (Iris versicolor) , white (I. florentina) and yellow (I. pseudacolius) "flags" belong to the Iris family. These so-called flags are grown industrially chiefly for rhizomes. In the home garden they are grown for beauty of flower and leaf and for flower arrangements.
Propagation: Usually by division of rhizomes.
Nature of Plant: Blue Flag or Water Flag, likes a wet, rich, well drained soil but will grow in an average moist shady spot in the garden; the swordlike, blue-green leaves are about 1 inch wide and 2 1/2 feet long; flowers are small, outer segments being about 2 1/2 inches long; they are a vivid purplish blue, variegated with white, yellow and green markings and purple veins; this plant makes a vivid border for a brook or pool.
Sweet Flag or Sweet Grass grows almost in water but will grow in a shady spot, normally moist, leaves have wavy margins and a conspicuous midrib a little off center, are about 1 inch wide and from 3 to 5 feet long, have a lemony, aromatic odor, the rhizome has the hot taste of ginger (an other choice plant for the edge of a brook).
Yellow Flag or European Wild Flag, called "Fleur de lys", prefers much water but will grow in a moist, shady spot in the garden; leaves are 1 inch wide and 3 feet long; flowers are small, bright yellow veined with brown, outer segments 2 or 2 1/2 inches long, particularly suitable for a natural pool or along a water course.
White Flag is the Florentine Iris, White Flower de luce; flowers are really a pale blue, outer segments about 3 1/2 inches long; wide, light green leaves about 3 1/2 feet in length, very ornamental for flower garden.
Spacing of Mature Plants: Sweet Flag 1 foot, others 18 inches.
Cultural Requirements: About every 3 years, in spring or fall, dig up plants and divide or cut rhizomes so that each piece has at least 1 good bud, in cooler climates this should be done right after blooming so that plants will get established for winter.
Rhizome: (Health) Blue Flag - Cathartic, emetic in large doses, used in jaundice; Sweet Flag - Infusion for fevers, can be used to help support dyspepsia; White Flag - Emetic and cathartic in large doses;
(Culinary) Sweet Flag - Cut up fresh rhizome, boil in syrup and cool for confection, for flavoring cream, custard, rice pudding, because of spicy taste is often substituted for ginger, cinnamon or nutmeg; Yellow Flag - Roasted, ground and used like coffee. (Do not use Blue Flag for any culinary purpose);
(Household) White Flag - Thrown in fireplace to give pleasant odor, held in mouth as a breath sweetener to disguise garlic, liquor, tobacco; Sweet Flag - Dried and used as a supportive against moths and other insects, laid among clothes and furs for the same purposes.
Powdered Root: (Industrial) Sweet Flag - To scent hair powder and tooth powder, as snuff, oil of root improves flavor of gin, some kinds of beer, bitters, tonics, Benedictine, Chartreuse, vermouth, other liqueurs and cordials; White Flag - Orris powder, basis of powders with violet scent (Iris pallida and I. germanica, also used) in violet perfumes.
Leaf: Sweet Flag - For making mats and baskets.
Flower: Yellow Flag - Used instead of galls in making ink and for yellow dye.
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Take 20-30 drops of extract in a small amount of warm water 3-4 times daily as needed.
More Photographs - Calamus Root - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor
End of More Photographs - Calamus Root - Glycerite Liquid Extract (1:5) - No Flavor
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